Health

Luteal Phase - What is it? Indicators of the norm, than its failure is dangerous

In the body of quite healthy women of reproductive age, normal hormonal changes are observed every month. In this case, the menstrual cycle is divided into three phases, each of which is of paramount importance.

Do you know what the luteal phase is? What this is, we will analyze in detail in this review.

In the body of quite healthy women of reproductive age, normal hormonal changes are observed every month. In this case, the menstrual cycle is divided into three phases, each of which is of paramount importance.
Let's look at the impact of the luteal phase on the formation of the egg and its fertilization. And also we learn what to do in case of its insufficiency.

In this article, we consider the effect of the luteal phase on the processes of egg formation and its fertilization.

What is the menstrual cycle

Menstruation begins to manifest during childbearing age. It is a preparation for fertilization of the egg, as well as for the qualitative and proper development and formation of the fetus inside. So, what phases does this cycle consist of:

  1. Menstrual.
  2. Follicular
  3. The development of ovulation.
  4. Luteal phase of the cycle.

The cycle length can vary from 21-32 days. This number depends on individual well-being, hormonal levels and physical exertion. The first phase is especially painful. Follicular occurs after cessation of bleeding. At this time, the synthesis of hormones. At the same time, the ovaries produce estrogen, which contributes to the renewal of the upper layers of the uterus.

When ovulation occurs, the follicle disintegrates, and the egg cell becomes free and begins to move toward the uterus

After two weeks, a formed follicle will be revealed, in which an egg cell will form and grow. When ovulation occurs, the follicle disintegrates, and the egg cell becomes free and begins to move toward the uterus. The egg cell lives for a couple of days, and then the luteal phase develops.

Tip! Hormonal changes can have a negative effect on muscle tissue. If the ratio of progesterone and estradiol is broken, then there is a strong pain in the tissues.

What is the luteal phase

The luteal phase is the period from the process of ovulation to menstruation. At this time there is a breakthrough follicle. Cells collect the necessary components for the formation of a yellow shade. It is the corpus luteum that performs intensive production of estrogen, progesterone and androgen. In this case, the uterus is actively preparing for a possible pregnancy. If the fertilization process has occurred, the corpus luteum forms progesterone in the luteal phase until the placenta is at the right level.

The corpus luteum is formed from the walls of a bursting follicle. This results in follicular fluid. Where a rupture occurred, a small blood clot forms. At the same time, parts of the follicle are gathered into folds, and the tissues inside become large. Yellow lutein is collected in cells. At the same time, the walls of the follicle are transformed into luteal cells, and a whole network of capillaries is created around it, which provides the process of feeding the gland.

If the fertilization process has occurred, the corpus luteum forms progesterone in the luteal phase until the placenta is at the right level.

When fertilizing an egg, it penetrates the uterus. In this case, the corpus luteum begins to grow, and also produces the hormones androgen and estradiol. They reduce cases of uterine contraction, and also prepare the mammary glands to form milk.

If conception did not happen, then the corpus luteum finishes the production of the necessary hormones and the next bleeding begins. The activity of the progesterone-producing gland ends a couple of days before menstruation. The period of this phase lasts about half a cycle.

Tip! All women need to monitor the health, as well as the regularity of the menstrual cycle and its separate phases.

Luteal phase length

Finding out what is the luteal phase in women, it is necessary to know her days. The length of this period is individual. The menstrual cycle is equal to a month, but the duration of this period is more often equal to 14 days. In individual cases, the duration of the luteal phase varies from 12 to 16 days. This is affected by the functioning of the corpus luteum, as well as the work of the reproductive organs.
Normal indicators depend on body functions, proper functioning of the organs and the level of excretion of the necessary components.

In individual cases, the duration of the luteal phase varies from 12 to 16 days.

Tip! The length of the luteal period is increased in the case of pregnancy, as well as in the formation of a corpus luteum cyst.

Progesterone and normal values

The luteal phase is characterized by a high content of the hormone progesterone. However, its rate varies in the range of 6.99-56-63 pmol / l. This hormone is simply necessary for the female body. At a certain time, it increases its amount several times. If this does not happen, then this indicates violations in the female body.

How to calculate the luteal phase

To carry out correct calculations of this phase, it is necessary to have an idea how many days the menstrual cycle is carried out. It is recommended to keep a special calendar, where the days of the month are marked.
The luteal phase passes from the time of formation of the mature egg and until the beginning of the new menstruation. However, it takes about half the cycle.
To find out it is necessary to divide the days between the beginning of the month by 2. At the same time, the resulting value will indicate the day of ovulation. And the days between this period and the first day of the next menstrual period will indicate the duration of the luteal phase. For example, if the whole cycle takes 28 days, then the phase is 14 days.

It is recommended to keep a special calendar where the days of the month are marked.

But this calculation is not always correct, since the cycle time may vary for various reasons. Ovulation can be on the 12-16th day of the cycle.
If the duration of this phase is less than 12 days, then its insufficiency is diagnosed. In this case, problems may arise with the conception of a child.

Tip! Find out the presence of the luteal phase will help measure the basal temperature. In this case, measurements are performed in the rectum. With ovulation, it rises to 37 degrees. To find out more accurate data can be done ultrasound - diagnosis.

How does the luteal phase deficiency

The normal course of the luteal phase is necessary for successful fertilization. For the qualitative functioning of the reproductive system, it is extremely important that all processes take place in a strict sequence. If there is an increase or decrease in any functions, it affects the ability to become pregnant. The most common cause of such failures is the lack of luteal phase.

Many women can not wait for a long-awaited pregnancy due to violations in the corpus luteum. With the reduction of this period, progesterone can not reach the required level. If the luteal phase ends very early, then the pregnancy hormone is not produced. A lack of progesterone affects the formation of the epithelium, which does not mature to a suitable level. In this case, even if the fertilized egg attaches to the uterus, the placenta will not mature, which can lead to infertility or miscarriage.

Many women can not wait for the long-awaited pregnancy due to violations in the yellow body

The problem with the luteal phase can be recognized by the following features:

  1. Change of the menstrual cycle. The duration of bleeding decreases or increases. This may cause severe pain.
  2. At the beginning of the cycle, pinkish spotting is formed.
  3. It does not work for a long time to conceive a child.

So let's point out what causes such problems. Here they are:

  1. Violation of the pituitary and hypothalamus, which can provoke similar problems. And the reason for such processes can be a variety of infections, injuries and nerves.
  2. Endometrial receptor failure. This can occur in chronic inflammations, after infections, after the formation of adhesions after abortions, and problems with the thyroid gland.
  3. It can also have a negative impact on the phase of poor nutrition, problems with metabolism, insufficient blood supply to the corpus luteum.

Tip!It is the insufficient duration of the luteal phase that can cause the inability to become pregnant for a long time.

It can also have a negative impact on the phase of poor nutrition, problems with metabolism, insufficient blood supply to the corpus luteum.

Diagnostics

To confirm luteal insufficiency, special diagnostic measures are carried out. Here they are:

  1. The problems with the functioning of the reproductive system may be evidenced by the difference in basal temperature indicators between the phases of the cycle. This will allow you to track the decrease in the duration of this phase.
  2. Using ultrasound diagnostics, you can see the dynamic processes in the follicles, the level of blood supply to the ovaries and the thickness of the endometrium. With this disease, there is a decrease in blood flow in the region of the corpus luteum.
  3. Analysis of hormones will allow to detect a violation in the production of certain components.
  4. Endometrial biopsy allows you to determine how hormones affect the receptors on the surface of the uterus.

Treatment

Such a disease does not occur by itself. It indicates the presence in the body of some problems. First of all, it is necessary to identify the cause of this failure.

Treatment can begin after an accurate diagnosis, which is performed using tests and ultrasound

If you have problems with conception as a result of the active production of prolactins and androgens - the main treatment is focused on the normalization of the hormonal system. If the reason is a decrease in endometrial receptivity, anti-inflammatory drugs and even antibiotics are prescribed.
Often, various methods of acupuncture, physiotherapy and vitamin therapy are used to restore the body.

Treatment can begin after an accurate diagnosis, which is performed using tests and ultrasound. First of all, treatment methods are aimed at stimulating ovulation. At the same time, hormonal nonsteroidal drugs are prescribed.

If not given due attention to the treatment of luteal insufficiency, it can provoke infertility, frequent miscarriages, placental insufficiency and problems with the menstrual cycle.

Tip! For more effective treatment, it is necessary to avoid nervous experiences and stressful situations.

Preventive measures

There are certain preventive measures that must be followed during the monthly menstrual cycle. In this case, even the early stage of the disease can be determined by changing the cycle. It is necessary to visit the gynecologist 2 times a year and not ignore the warning signs.

To avoid infertility, it is necessary to properly treat all gynecological problems.

It is necessary to observe a balanced diet.

In addition, the healthy lifestyle affects the health of the female body. It is necessary to observe a balanced diet. In this case, fats and carbohydrates should not exceed the norm, and it is also necessary to reduce the consumption of sweet, flour, as well as fatty and fried foods. The best solution is to consume protein-rich foods. First of all, dairy products, meat and legumes. Sport is also of great importance. During exercise, endorphins are produced, which have a positive effect on the nervous system and internal organs.

Tip! The cycle can be adjusted in two years, so it is important to monitor any changes and deviations.

Careful observation of the flow of the menstrual cycle will help to plan the pregnancy.

During exercise, endorphins are produced, which have a positive effect on the nervous system and internal organs.

Proper determination of the luteal phase, as well as monitoring its condition, will allow to preserve women's health for a long time. In addition, it will increase the chances of a successful conception. Do not forget about timely treatment, which save a woman from many problems with the reproductive system.